Types and roles of the statues
The majority of wooden statues and bronze or iron figurines of archaic embodiment are performed in western Nepal, the land of the Khas.
Overall, these statues are very sketchy. The head of the character is reduced to a spherical or oval volume with a flat section to figure out the face. The eyes and mouth are represented by a square hole. The knees are upright, folded over the front of the body. The elbows are resting on the knees and hands clasped below the face.
* Statues dedicated to the fulfillment of a vow to heal, issued by a person under an evil, following a diagnosis of the diviner. They are usually a person standing or sitting, hands clasped as in prayer position. This attitude is called namaste and is rather a gesture of humility, acknowledgement than prayer. Most of the time the statue is stylized, sometimes it can be done just like its sponsor.
* Effigies of wood intended to protect when crossing a precarious bridge overlooking the abyss. To be effective these statues receive offerings of food, money or sacrifice of animals. These monumental statues are mostly figurative and represent guards, armed soldiers or horsemen.
* Sculpture at the confluence of rivers and roads. These are areas where they may reside evil spirits or demons, and the role of these effigies is to protect travelers.
* Gifted guardians of fountains or sources, consisting of a character whose groin or penis are drilled for water flow and are topped by a bust and a face.
* Statues at the 4 cardinals corners of a house or planted on the ground or roof or mounted on a beam of the frame. Their role is to dissuade wandering spirits, sometimes evil, to aggress the inhabitants of the house or ruin their crops. They are often the work of the inhabitant of the house, sometimes a craftsman. Hence their unsophisticated style.
* Statues of protecting a crop especially for rice.
* Bronze sculpture replicating a physical or dress characteristic the deceased person. These bronzes are made by a blacksmith who is a craftsman often traveling from village to village and belongs to a caste of untouchable. The blacksmith has powers that enable him to perform certain functions and forge magical sculptures.
* The diviner can ask the blacksmith to make him small statues of bronze or iron which are dedicated to be an ornament, as an offering, off the small temple which they are attached to.